Most of the times spinal tumors require immediate treatment and surgery. They can be offered by best neurologists in Hyderabad. The tumor is kept under observation. It is a common practice in small benign (non-cancerous) tumors. Larger benign tumors, certain types of spine cancer (malignant), and progressive tumors may require immediate surgery.
Spine surgery may be suggested to remove a benign or malignant tumor. These facilities can be offered by best neurology hospitals in Hyderabad, to reduce its size or relieve constant back or neck pain, balance issues, difficulty walking, and bowel or bladder dysfunction. Surgery is performed depending on many factors, such as:
• Size of the tumor
• Type of tumor: benign, malignant
• The Stage at which the tumor is
• Neurologic defects such as spinal cord or nerve compression
• Spinal instability, destruction of vertebral bone
• General health and immunity
The goals of surgery in treating spinal tumors are:
• To remove the spinal tumor
• Stabilize the spine
• Reduce pain
• Improve function and quality of spine
Possible Surgical Procedures for Spinal Tumors:
The best neurologists in Hyderabad can offer an explanation of the recommended procedure, including preparation for surgery, if being hospitalized is necessary, and finally what to expect. Of course, they will answer all of your questions so you can make a well-informed decision.
Depending on the type of tumor and where it may be located, surgery includes either of the following procedures:
Decompression: Removal of the entire tumor or part of it. Medical terms used include debulk (making it smaller), excise (completely removing it), or resection (partial removal). These types of procedures decompress or relieve pressure to the spinal cord and nerve roots, thereby helping to reduce pain and other symptoms.
Embolization: This is an Interventional technique, performed by a radiologist that slowly or completely cuts off the tumor's blood supply. Embolization (embolotherapy) causes the tumor to shrink.
Kyphoplasty or Vertebroplasty: The procedures are minimally invasive surgeries that stabilize a fractured vertebra and relieve pain. A spinal tumor that develops within a vertebra usually causes bony compression or fracture. Even though kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty both involve the injection of a surgical bone cement into the fracture to stabilize it, the procedures vary.
Kyphoplasty uses orthopedic balloons that are inserted inside of the fracture, inflating it to create a hole or cavity, and remove it before the bone cement is injected.
Whereas Vertebroplasty does not use balloons. This is a newer technique which is seen in the best neurology hospital in Hyderabad that combines vertebroplasty with radiofrequency ablation to remove the tumor tissue and create a cavity for the bone cement. Radiofrequency ablation uses radio wave energy to break the tumor cells, molecular bonds so that they can help remove the tissues and create a cavity.
Both procedures provide immediate fracture stabilization.
Radiosurgery (CyberKnife):This is a non-surgical procedure that delivers specifically targeted radiation to treat certain spine tumors. This treatment is administered during one or more sessions using high-dose of radiation. This surgery takes the time to heal and usually takes time.